Kansas farmers spent the morning touring test plots, congratulating award recipients and listening to topics affecting wheat at the Kansas Wheat Day on May 26 at the K-State Agricultural Research Center in Hays, Kansas.
Members of the K-State wheat breeding team were recognized for their efforts to release new wheat varieties. Christopher Brandt, KSU Research Foundation Vice President for Technology Transfer, recognized the K-State Wheat Breeding team, which included Andrew Auld, Allan Fritz, Patrick Geier, Joe Martin, Rebecca Miller, Clayton W. Seaman, Dallas Seifers, Andrew Stegman, Kimberly Suther and Guorong Zhang.
“The wheat breeders were awarded plaques in recognition of their wheat varieties receiving a Plant Variety Protection (PVP) certificate. A PVP certificate grants K-State a 20 year exclusive right to market and sell these wheat varieties,” explained Brandt.
Guorong Zhang, KSU Wheat Breeder, led the plot tours. Those in attendance had the opportunity to see K-State’s upcoming experimental varieties, and varieties from other states and private companies. Kansas Wheat Alliance’s new hard red wheat varieties include Zenda, Tatanka and Larry.
Zenda is a new variety that is best adapted to central and eastern Kansas, and is considered a replacement for Everest. It is moderately resistant to stripe rust and leaf rust, tolerant to acid soil and resistant to soil borne mosaic virus.
Tatanka is a hard red winter wheat with medium maturity and medium height. It has moderate resistance to stripe rust and soil borne mosaic virus, intermediate to wheat streak mosaic virus, with tolerance to acid soil and some resistance to scab, but susceptible to leaf rust and Hessian fly. Tatanka has good milling and baking quality.
Larry is moderately resistant to stripe rust, susceptible to leaf rust and will benefit from fungicide treatment under leaf rust pressure. Larry has good acid soil tolerance, resistant to soil borne mosaic virus and has an intermediate to moderately susceptible reaction to fusarium head blight.
After hearing about new and experimental wheat varieties, participants learned about additional K-State research benefitting the wheat industry.
Phillip Stahlman, Western Kansas Ag Research Weed Scientist, told the group about “Weed Management in the Wheat-based Cropping Systems” and showed different examples – one, of which, was a wild mustard weed.
“Utilizing UAS Imaging Capacity in Wheat Breeding Programs” was presented by Robert Aiken, Plant Physiologist at the Western Kansas Ag Research Center. The objectives of his research include utilizing UAS-based imaging to quantify canopy formation and growth rates of experimental wheat lines, determine the relationship of canopy growth to grain yield, identify additional agronomic traits, which may be detected by canopy imaging systems.
Augustine Obour, Soil Scientist for the Western Kansas Ag Research Center, presented “Tillage Effects and Nitrogen Application.” He is investigating the interaction among tillage practices, variety and nitrogen application effects on wheat yield and N use efficiency. Obour noted that Kansas Wheat Alliance’s new hard white wheat variety, Joe, outperformed all the current winter wheat varieties entered in the 2015 Kansas Wheat performance trials across western Kansas.
Dr. J.P. Michaud, Entomologist at K-State Agricultural Research Center in Hays, presented on the “Emerging Issue with Wheat Stem Sawfly.” He explained that new practices are being researched because Sawfly aphids are unable to be controlled once they’re in the wheat stems.
More information about upcoming plot tours and wheat days can be found by contacting the Kansas Wheat Alliance.
By Alex Lessard, Kansas Wheat Alliance Communications Intern