Hard Red Winter Wheat Variety

Optimal economic uses:

Primary: Grain only

Secondary: Grain plus limited grazing

 1863 Wheat Variety Map

Pedigree: Overley sib, Karl 92, Cutter

Variety protection status: PVP

Year of release: 2012

Developer: Kansas State University

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Barley yellow dwarf: Intermediate
Hessian fly: Susceptible
Leaf rust: Moderately susceptible
Powdery mildew: Intermediate
Scab: Moderately susceptible
Septoria leaf blotch: Moderately Susceptible
Soil-borne mosaic: Moderately resistant
Stem rust: Resistant
Stripe rust: Moderately resistant
Tan spot: Intermediate
Wheat streak mosaic: Intermediate

Acid soil tolerance: Tolerant
Coleoptile length: Medium
Drought tolerance: Good
Early spring greenup: Intermediate
Fall ground cover capability: N/A
Grazing potential in fall: N/A
Height: Medium tall
Maturity (heading date): Medium
Protein: Somewhat higher than most
Quality-Baking: Very good to excellent
Quality-Milling: Acceptable
Seed size: Medium
Shattering reputation: Good
Straw strength: Below Average
Test weight: Good
Tillering: Intermediate
Winterhardiness: Good
Overall yield record where adapted: Very good


This K-State variety, marketed by Kansas Wheat Alliance is best adapted to north central and somewhat northwest Kansas because of its medium maturity.  It has also done well in south central Kansas with its very good acid soil tolerance.  1863 has better stripe rust resistance and milling and baking quality than Everest, but is moderately susceptible to leaf rust.

The yield record of 1863 in variety trials has been inconsistent, topping some while showing under average in others.  Field reports have been a little better than yield tests, even in south central Kansas and is most likely due to its stripe rust resistance and being a little later maturity to take advantage of the late rains the past couple of years.

Its straw strength is below average, which can be a problem some years in good yield environments.


  • Milling and baking quality
  • Good acid soil tolerance


  • Susceptible to leaf rust
  • Can lodge in good yield environments


Special notes on cultural practices:

Under high management, can lodge.

1863 Variety Page (PDF)